At the conclusion of this activity, learners should be able to:

    1. Identify the optimal treatment for challenging multiply resistant gram negative infections.
    2. Discuss the current therapeutic gaps in treatment of invasive fungal infections.
    3. Review the major controversies published in the ID literature from May 2021 thru April 2022.
    4. Describe the core principles and objectives of diagnostic stewardship.
    5. Assess the clinical and economic impact of C. difficile infections recurrence.
    6. Illustrate the significance of antiretroviral therapy errors that occur in HIV patients who are hospitalized.
    7. Summarize current controversies in antimicrobial therapy and resistance.
    8. Evaluate factors that impact the health wellness of healthcare workers.
    9. Explain how implementation science addresses gaps in process and patient outcomes.
    10. Present the process, benefits and limitations of penicillin skin testing.
    11. Consider why the emergency and urgent care settings are critical targets for antimicrobial stewardship programs.
    12. Describe how infectious diseases and antimicrobial stewardship pharmacists can leverage. patient engagement in scarce resource allocation, risk management, and education/outreach.
    13. Review the available evidence to support shorter courses of therapy for common uncomplicated infections.
    14. Outline the basic concepts supporting antibiotic dose-response relationships.
    15. Discuss antimicrobial use strategies to improve the outcomes of patients with septic shock.